Terminology

Use the information below to improve your Taekwondo terminology. These are the Korean phrases you may hear during training and the lists below cover everything from basic commands to strikes and body parts. Please remember, some clubs/styles may use slightly different names for techniques.

General Terms
Commands
Counting

Training Hall

Training Suit

Belt

Instructor

Master/Chief Instructor

National Flag

Pattern

High Section Target

Middle Section Target

Kick

Punch

Thrust

Strike

Block

Stance

Right

Left

Destruction

Dojang

Dobok

Tee

Sa Boem Nim

Kwang Jang Nim

Kook Gie

Poomse

Injun

Myongchi

Chagi

Jireugi

Jjireugi

Chigi

Makgi

Seogi

Oreun

Wen

Kyukpa

Attention

Bow

Ready

Start

Stop

Turn Around

Return to Start

Relax

Dismiss

Charyot

Kyong Ye

Junbi

Shijak

Geuman

Dwiro Dorra

Barro

Shi Yo

Haessan

First

Second

Third

Fourth

Fifth

Sixth

Seventh

Eighth

Ninth

Tenth

Il

Ee

Sam

Sah

Oh

Yuk

Chil

Pal

Koo

Sip

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

 

Hana

Dool

Set

Net

Dasut

Yausut

Ilgope

Yaudul

Ahope

Yaul

 

Kicks (Chagi)
Blocks (Makgi)
Stances (Seogi)

Front Snap Kick

Inward Crescent

Outward Crescent

Roundhouse Kick

Back Kick

Push Kick

Side Kick

Axe Kick 

Half Turning Kick

Twisting Kick

Hooking Kick

Rising Kick

Reverse Turning

Reverse Hooking

Two Feet Alternate

Knee Kick 

Scissor Kick

Jumping Kick

Tornado Kick

Target Kick 

Ap Chagi

An Bandal Chagi

Bakkat Bandal Chagi

Dollyeo Chagi

Dwi Chagi

Mireo Chagi

Yeop Chagi

Naeryeo Chagi 

Bit Chagi

Biteureo Chagi

Golcho Chagi

Ap Oligi

Bandae Dolyo Chagi

Bandae Golcho Chagi

Doobal Dangseong

Meorup Chagi

Gawi Chagi

Twio Chagi

Dolgae Chagi

Pyojeok Chagi

Low Block

Inward Block

Outward Block

High Block

Twisting Block

Scissors Block

Guarding Block

Pressing Block

Single Mountain Block

Mountain Block

Side Block

Palm Heel Block

Knife Hand Inward Block

Diamond Block

X Block

Knife Hand Outward Block

Wedging Block

Bull Block

Double Knife Hand Block

Arae Makgi

Momtong Makgi

Bakkat Makgi

Eogool Makgi

Biteureo Makgi

Gawi Makgi

Geodeureo Makgi

Nulleo Makgi

Oesanteul Makgi

Santeul Makgi

Yeop Makgi

Batangson Makgi

Sonnal An Makgi

Keumgang Makgi

Eotgeoreo Makgi

Sonnal Bakkat Makgi

Hecheo Makgi  

Hwangso Makgi

Sonnal Geodeureo Makgi    

Attention Stance

Ready Stance

Back Stance

Short Stance

Long Walking Stance

Tiger Stance

X Stance

Horse Riding Stance

Side Stance

Crane Stance

Charyot Seogi

Junbi Seogi

Dwi Seogi

Ap Seogi

Apgubi Seogi

Beom Seogi

Khoa Seogi

Joochum Seogi

Yeop Seogi

Hakdari Seogi

Punching (Jireugi)
Thrusts (Jjireugi)
Strikes (Chigi)

Punch

Fork Punch

Uppercut Punch

Twin Upset Punch

Pulling and Punching

C Shape Punch

Turning Punch

Diamond Punch

Target Punch

Vertical Punch

Side Punch

Jireugi

Chetdari Jireugi

Chi Jireugi

Sang Chi Jireugi

Danggyeo Jireugi

Digeutja Jireugi

Dollyeo Jireugi

Keumgang Jireugi

Pyojeok Jireugi

Sewo Jireugi      

Yeop Jireugi

Spear Hand Thrust

Scissor Fingertip Thrust

Pyonsonkeut Jjireugi

Gawisonkeut Jjireugi

Back Fist Forward Strike

Elbow Strike

Elbow Target Strike

Double Elbow Strike

Hammer Fist Strike

Reverse Knife Hand Strike

Swallow Strike

Inward Knife Hand Strike

Arc Hand Strike

Palm Heel Strike

Deungjumeok Ap Chigi

Palgup Chigi       

Palgup Pyojeok Chigi

Meonge Chigi

Mejumeok Chigi

Sonnal Deung Chigi

Jebipoom Mok Chigi

Sonnal An Chigi

Ageumson Chigi              

Batangson Teok Chigi

Sparring Terms
Parts of the Hand
Parts of the Foot

Sparring

Trunk Protector

Face About

Point

Warning

Deduction Point

Break

Continue

Time

Competitor in Blue

Competitor in Red

Kyeorugi

Hogu

Ja Wang Woo

Deuk Jum

Kyong Go

Gam Jum

Galyo

Key Sork

Shigan

Chung

Hong

Hand

Fist

Knife Hand

Reverse Knife Hand

Fingertip

Arc Hand

Forefist

Back Fist

Hammer Fist

Single Knuckle Fist

Covered Fist

Son

Jeomok

Sonnal

Sonnal Deung

Pyonsonkeut

Ageumson

Ap Jeomok

Deung Jeomok

Mei Jeomok

Bam Jeomok

Bo Jeomok

Foot

Ball of Foot

Outside Edge of Foot

Bottom of Heel

Back of Heel

Top of Foot

Inside Edge of Foot

Bottom of Foot

Bal

Apchook

Balnal

Dwichook

Dwicumchi

Baldeung

Balnaldeung

Balbadak

Body Parts

Arm

Face

Body

Groin

Inner Forearm

Outer Forearm

Pal

Eogool

Momtong

Arae

An Palmok

Bakkat Palmok

Elbow

Leg

Chin

Nose

Eye

Mouth

Palkoop

Dari

Teok

Ko

Noon

Ip

Knee

Hand

Foot

Head

Neck

Meorup

Son

Bal

Meo Ri

Mok

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