WHAT ARE THEY?
The Dan grade patterns are most often taught after someone has achieved 1st Dan, although the first one (Koryo) may be taught to those taking a black belt as their grading pattern. Unlike the Taegeuk patterns, these forms have slightly longer meanings and are not represented by trigrams. In contrast to the Taegeuk patterns which all follow the same floor pattern, each of these patterns has a different shape. This becomes more noticeable as you learn them, particularly in Pyongwon which is a single line.
The Dan grade patterns used in Kukkiwon style Taekwondo are sometimes referred to as the Yudanja forms. Each of these patterns has a floor pattern which traces out a chinese character. The Chinese character is said to represent a characteristic that Taekwondo Masters should exhibit. The floor patterns, symbols and meanings can be seen opposite. Help sheets below will demonstrate the movements of each pattern as well as the extended definitions and symbolism of each form.
Below you will find help sheets for each of the 9 Yudanja patterns, commonly taught to Dan grades. Hover over each pattern to see some information and click on the blue icon to see the help sheet in full.